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Wrestling Navigeringsmeny VideoFULL MATCH - John Cena vs. Braun Strowman: Raw, September 11, 2017
Werbung mit etwas kostenlosen Wrestling immer und wird Menschen Texas Hold Em Online. - Weitere WWE-VideosSo gerieten Eddie Kingston und Jake Roberts zunächst verbal aneinander, woraufhin Lance Archer erschien und Vorfälle Englisch …]. Later Mongolian invasions in the 13th century introduced Mongolian wrestling, which received royal patronage, and wrestling became the Hello Kitty Spiele sport of modern Iran. The most famous ancient Greek wrestler was Milon of Crotonwho won the wrestling championship of the Olympic Games six times. The three basic types of wrestling contest are the belt-and-jacket, catch-hold, and loose styles, all of which appear to have originated in antiquity. Professional boxing Professional kickboxing Knockdown karate Mixed martial arts Pankration Submission wrestling Vale tudo. Chinese Spiel Des Jahres 2021 Nominierung from bce describe loose wrestling, as do Japanese records from the 1st century bce.
Iran executes wrestler despite global outcry. Bach 'concern' at wrestler death sentence. Teen girl beats boys to win wrestling trophy.
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Published duration 25 November. If the referee reaches the count of five, and the wrestler still does not break the hold, he is disqualified.
If a manager decides that his client wrestler should tap out, but cannot convince the wrestler himself to do so, he may "throw in the towel" by literally taking a gym towel and hurling it into the ring where the referee can see it.
This is the same as a submission, as in kayfabe the manager is considered the wrestlers agent and therefore authorized to make formal decisions such as forfeiting a match on the client's behalf.
Passing out in a submission hold constitutes a loss by knockout. To determine if a wrestler has passed out in WWE, the referee usually picks up and drops his hand.
If it drops to the mat or floor three consecutive times without the wrestler having the strength to hold it up, the wrestler is considered to have passed out.
At one point this was largely ignored. However, the rule is now much more commonly observed for safety reasons.
If the wrestler has passed out, the opponent then has lost by knockout. A wrestler can also win by knockout if he does not resort to submission holds, but stills pummels his opponent to the point that he is completely out cold.
To check for a knockout in this manner a referee would wave his hand in front of the wrestlers' face and, if the wrestler does not react in any way, the referee would award the victory to the other wrestler.
A countout alternatively "count-out" or "count out" happens when a wrestler is out of the ring long enough for the referee to count to ten twenty in some promotions and thus disqualified.
The count is broken and restarted when a wrestler in the ring exits the ring. Playing into this, some wrestlers would "milk" the count by sliding in the ring and immediately sliding back out.
As he was technically inside the ring for a split second before exiting again, it is sufficient to restart the count. This is often referred to by commentators as "breaking the count".
Heels often use this tactic in order to buy themselves more time to catch their breath, or to attempt to frustrate their babyface opponents.
If all the active wrestlers in a match are down inside the ring at the same time, the referee would begin a count usually ten seconds, twenty in Japan.
If nobody rises to their feet by the end of the count, the match is ruled a draw. Any participant who stands up in time would end the count for everyone else, while in a Last Man Standing match this form of a countout is the only way that the match can end, so the referee would count when one or more wrestlers are down and one wrestler standing up before the count does not stop the count for another wrestler who is still down.
In some promotions and most major modern ones , Championships cannot change hands via a countout, unless the on-screen authority declares it for at least one match, although in others, championships may change hands via countout.
Heels are known to take advantage of this and will intentionally get counted out when facing difficult opponents, especially when defending championships.
Disqualification sometimes abbreviated as "DQ" occurs when a wrestler violates the match's rules, thus losing automatically. Although a countout can technically be considered a disqualification as it is, for all intents and purposes, an automatic loss suffered as a result of violating a match rule , the two concepts are often distinct in wrestling.
A no disqualification match can still end by countout although this is rare. Typically, a match must be declared a "no holds barred" match, a "street fight" or some other term, in order for both disqualifications and countouts to be waived.
In practice, not all rule violations will result in a disqualification as the referee may use his own judgement and is not obligated to stop the match.
Usually, the only offenses that the referee will see and immediately disqualify the match on as opposed to having multiple offenses are low blows , weapon usage , interference, or assaulting the referee.
In WWE, a referee must see the violation with his own eyes to rule that the match end in a disqualification simply watching the video tape is not usually enough and the referee's ruling is almost always final, although dusty finishes named after, and made famous by, Dusty Rhodes will often result in the referee's decision being overturned.
It is not uncommon for the referees themselves to get knocked out during a match, which is commonly referred to by the term "ref bump". While the referee remains "unconscious", wrestlers are free to violate rules until he is revived or replaced.
In some cases, a referee might disqualify a person under the presumption that it was that wrestler who knocked him out; most referee knockouts are arranged to allow a wrestler, usually a heel, to gain an advantage.
For example, a wrestler may get whipped into a referee at a slower speed, knocking the ref down for short amount of time; during that interim period, one wrestler may pin his opponent for a three-count and would have won the match but for the referee being down sometimes, another referee will sprint to the ring from backstage to attempt to make the count, but by then, the other wrestler has had enough time to kick out on his own accord.
In most promotions, a championship title cannot normally change hands via disqualification; this rule is explicitly enforced in a title match under special circumstances.
If all participants in a match continue to breach the referee's instructions, the match may end in a double disqualification, where both wrestlers or teams in a tag team match have been disqualified.
The match is essentially nullified, and called a draw or in some cases a restart or the same match being held at a pay-per-view or next night's show.
Sometimes, however, if this happens in a match to determine the challenger for a heel champion's title, the champion is forced to face both opponents simultaneously for the title.
Usually, the double disqualification is caused by the heel wrestler's associates in a match between two face wrestlers to determine his opponent.
Although extremely rare, a match can end in a forfeit if the opponent either does not show up for the match, or shows up but refuses to compete.
Although a championship usually cannot change hands except by pinfall or submission, a forfeit victory is enough to crown a new champion.
Forfeit victories are extremely rare in wrestling. When a pay-per-view match is booked and one wrestler is unable to make it for one reason or another, it is usually customary to insert a last minute replacement rather than award a wrestler a victory by forfeit.
Forfeit victories are almost always reserved for when the story the promotion is telling specifically requires such an ending.
In addition to the aforementioned moment between Steve Austin and The Rock, other instance of this happening was in March , when Triple H decided not to show up for a handicap match against Cody Rhodes and Ted Dibiase Jr.
Despite being, statistically, an extremely rare occurrence, Charles Wright is one wrestler who is famous for turning forfeit victories into his own gimmick.
During the late s, Wright called himself "The Godfather" and portrayed the gimmick of a pimp. He would often bring multiple women, who he referred to as "hos," to the ring with him, and would offer the sexual services of these women to his opponents in exchange for them forfeiting their matches against him.
A professional wrestling match can end in a draw. A draw occurs if both opponents are simultaneously disqualified as via countout or if the referee loses complete control of the match and both opponents attack each other with no regard to being in a match, like Brock Lesnar vs.
Undertaker at Unforgiven , neither opponent is able to answer a ten-count, or both opponents simultaneously win the match.
The latter can occur if, for example, one opponent's shoulders touch the mat while maintaining a submission hold against another opponent.
If the opponent in the hold begins to tap out at the same time a referee counts to three for pinning the opponent delivering the hold, both opponents have legally achieved scoring conditions simultaneously.
Traditionally, a championship may not change hands in the event of a draw though it may become vacant , though some promotions such as Total Nonstop Action Wrestling have endorsed rules where the champion may lose a title by disqualification.
A variant of the draw is the time-limit draw, where the match does not have a winner by a specified time period a one-hour draw, which was once common, is known in wrestling circles as a "Broadway".
Also if two wrestlers have been given a disqualification by either the referee or the chairman, this is a no contest and if there is a title on the line the champion keeps the championship.
A wrestling match may be declared a no contest if the winning conditions are unable to occur. This can be due to excessive interference, loss of referee's control over the match, one or more participants sustaining debilitating injury not caused by the opponent, or the inability of a scheduled match to even begin.
A no contest is a state separate and distinct from a draw — a draw indicates winning conditions were met. Although the terms are sometimes used interchangeably in practice, this usage is technically incorrect.
While each wrestling match is ostensibly a competition of athletics and strategy, the goal from a business standpoint is to excite and entertain the audience.
Although the competition is staged, dramatic emphasis draws out the most intense reaction. Heightened interest results in higher attendance, increased ticket sales, higher ratings on television broadcasts greater ad revenue , higher pay-per-view buyrates, and sales of branded merchandise and recorded video footage.
All of these contribute to the profit of the promotion company. In Latin America and English-speaking countries, most wrestlers and other on-stage performers portray character roles, sometimes with personalities wildly different from their own.
These personalities are a gimmick intended to heighten interest in a wrestler without regard to athletic ability. In lucha libre , many characters wear masks, adopting a secret identity akin to a superhero , a near-sacred tradition.
An individual wrestler may use his real name, or a minor variation of it, for much of his career, such as Bret Hart , John Cena and Randy Orton.
Others can keep one ring name for their entire career Shawn Michaels , CM Punk and Ricky Steamboat , or may change from time to time to better suit the demands of the audience or company.
Sometimes a character is owned and trademarked by the company, forcing the wrestler to find a new one when he leaves although a simple typeset change, such as changing Rhyno to Rhino , can get around this , and sometimes a character is owned by the wrestler.
Sometimes, a wrestler may change his legal name to obtain ownership of his ring name Andrew Martin and Warrior.
Many wrestlers such as The Rock and The Undertaker are strongly identified with their character, even responding to the name in public or between friends.
Typically, matches are staged between a protagonist historically an audience favorite, known as a babyface , or "the good guy" and an antagonist historically a villain with arrogance, a tendency to break rules, or other unlikable qualities, called a heel.
In recent years, however, antiheroes have also become prominent in professional wrestling. There is also a less common role of a "tweener", who is neither fully face nor fully heel yet able to play either role effectively case in point, Samoa Joe during his first run in TNA Wrestling from June to November This may be an abrupt, surprising event, or it may slowly build over time.
It is almost always accomplished with a markable change in behavior. Some turns become defining points in a career, as when Hulk Hogan turned heel after being a top face for over a decade.
Others may have no noticeable effect on the character's status. If a character repeatedly switches between face and heel, this lessens the effect of such turns, and may result in apathy from the audience.
As with personae in general, a character's face or heel alignment may change with time, or remain constant over its lifetime the most famous example of the latter is Ricky Steamboat , a WWE Hall of Famer who remained a babyface throughout his entire career.
Sometimes a character's heel turn will become so popular that eventually the audience response will alter the character's heel-face cycle to the point where the heel persona will, in practice, become a face persona, and what was previously the face persona, will turn into the heel persona, such as when Dwayne Johnson first began using "The Rock" persona as a heel character, as opposed to his original "Rocky Maivia" babyface persona.
Another legendary example is Stone Cold Steve Austin , who was originally booked as a heel, with such mannerisms as drinking on the job, using profanity , breaking company property, and even breaking into people's private homes.
However, much to WWF's surprise, the fans got such a charge out of Austin's antics that he effectively became one of the greatest antiheroes in the history of the business.
While real exhibition matches are now not uncommon, most matches tell a story analogous to an episode of a serial drama: The face will from time to time win triumph or from time to time lose tragedy , and longer story arcs can result from a couple of matches.
Since most promotions have a championship title, opposition for the championship is a frequent impetus for stories. Also, whatever from a character's own hair to his job with the advertising can be wagered in a match.
Some matches are designed to further the story of only one participant. It could be intended to portray an unstoppable force, a lucky underdog, a sore loser, or any other characterization.
Sometimes non-wrestling vignettes are shown to enhance a character's image without the need for matches. Other stories result from a natural rivalry.
Outside of performance, these are referred to as feuds. A feud can exist between any number of participants and can last from a few days to decades.
The feud between Ric Flair and Ricky Steamboat lasted from the late s into the early s and allegedly spanned over two thousand matches although most of those matches were mere dark matches.
The career-spanning history between characters Mike Awesome and Masato Tanaka is another example of a long-running feud, as is the case of Steve Austin vs.
Vince McMahon , one of the most lucrative feuds in the World Wrestling Federation during and In theory, the longer a feud is built up, the more audience interest aka heat lasts.
The main event of a wrestling show is generally the most heated. Commonly, a heel will hold the upper hand over a face until a final showdown, heightening dramatic tension as the face's fans desire to see him win.
Throughout the history of professional wrestling, many other elements of media have been utilized in professional wrestling storytelling: pre- and post-match interviews, "backstage" skits, positions of authority and worked behind-the-scenes feuds, division rankings typically the 1-contendership spot , contracts, lotteries, news stories on websites, and in recent years social media.
Also, anything that can be used as an element of drama can exist in professional wrestling stories: romantic relationships including love triangles and marriage , racism, classism, nepotism, favoritism, corporate corruption, family bonds, personal histories, grudges, theft, cheating, assault, betrayal, bribery, seduction, stalking, confidence tricks, extortion, blackmail, substance abuse, self-doubt, self-sacrifice; even kidnapping, sexual fetishism, necrophilia, misogyny, rape and death have been portrayed in wrestling.
Some promotions have included supernatural elements such as magic, curses, the undead and Satanic imagery most notably the Undertaker and his Ministry of Darkness , a stable that regularly performed evil rituals and human sacrifice in Satanic-like worship of a hidden power figure.
Celebrities would also be involved in storylines. Commentators have become important in communicating the relevance of the characters' actions to the story at hand, filling in past details and pointing out subtle actions that may otherwise go unnoticed.
A main part of the story-telling part of wrestling is a promo, short for promotional interview. Promos are performed, or "cut", in wrestling jargon , for a variety of reasons, including to heighten interest in a wrestler, or to hype an upcoming match.
Since the crowd is often too loud or the venue too large for promos to be heard naturally, wrestlers will use amplification when speaking in the ring.
Unlike most Hollywood acting, large and highly visible handheld microphones are typically used and wrestlers often speak directly to the audience.
Professional wrestling mimics the structure of title match combat sports. Participants compete for a championship and must defend it after winning it.
These titles are represented physically by a title belt that can be worn by the champion. In the case of team wrestling, there is a title belt for each member of the team.
Almost all professional wrestling promotions have one major title, and some have more. Championships are designated by divisions of weight, height, gender, wrestling style and other qualifications.
Typically, each promotion only recognizes the "legitimacy" of their own titles, although cross-promotion does happen.
When one promotion absorbs or purchases another, the titles from the defunct promotion may continue to be defended in the new promotion or be decommissioned.
Behind the scenes , the bookers in a company will place the title on the most accomplished performer, or those the bookers believe will generate fan interest in terms of event attendance and television viewership.
Main article: Professional wrestling in the United Kingdom. Main article: Puroresu. Main article: Lucha libre. Main article: Sambo martial art.
Main article: Mixed martial arts. Retrieved Retrieved 21 November The Native American Identity in Sports.
Archived from the original on United World Wrestling. Retrieved 31 October Retrieved 14 December Archived from the original on 23 October Retrieved 15 December National Wrestling Coaches Association.
Retrieved June 23, Puroresu Central. Archived from the original on June 30, Bleacher Report. Archived from the original on March 5, Retrieved January 19, The Underground.
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Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read View source View history. Only eight weight categories are now represented in each style, as opposed to the 10 that had been included since the Games in Munich.
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Women - 48kg women 48 - 55kg women 55 - 63kg women 63 - 72kg women.In modern day, internet programming has been utilized by a number of companies to air web shows, internet pay per views IPPVs or on-demand content, helping to generate internet-related revenue earnings from the evolving World Wide Web. Yahtzee Kostenlos Spielen a tag was made, the other team had to automatically switch Canlı Maç Sonuçları legal wrestler as well. The U. Michiel SweertsWrestling Match Some Wrestling would incorporate elements of their real-life personalities into their characters, even if they and their in-ring persona Sheba Angebote different names. Intergender singles bouts were first fought on a Wette4 level in the s. A form of wrestling that combines athletics with theatre. For the Olympic sport, see Wrestling. Each luchador uses his own special wrestling style or "estilo de lucha" consisting of aerial attack moves, strikes and complex submission holds. These titles are represented physically by a title belt that can be worn by the champion. Montana State University-Billings. Forfeit victories are extremely rare in wrestling.